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Cod (Gadus morhua callarias)

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Cod (Gadus morhua callarias)

Cod is one of the most important commercial fish in the Baltic Sea. Their population has substantially decreased lately. Therefore, commercial fishing is strictly limited. Such a decrease is mainly caused by the pollution of the Baltic Sea and lack of oxygen at the bottom of the waters where cod usually spawn. The spawn is considered successful when the salinity of the water is about 10 per mill. The cod is a gregarious species. Specimens can attain a weight of up to 30 kg and spawn up to 1 million eggs.