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Akwarium Gdyńskie

Morskiego Instytutu Rybackiego – Państwowego Instytutu Badawczego

Al. Jana Pawła II 1, 81-345 Gdynia


Tel.: +48 587 326 601
Fax.: +48 587 326 611


⇐ 轉到背面

Penguins are non-flying birds. Their body shape resembles a torpedo able to fly through the water without any resistance. Penguins’ wings have evolved into paddle-shaped flippers used for swimming. Penguins’ toes are united by membranes that assist in steering. A thick layer of perfectly flat and oily feathers keeps them warm and reduces friction when swimming and/or diving. Swimming penguins can reach speeds of up to 36 km/h. When swimming, penguins leap in and out of the water to breathe. Penguins can stay underwater without breathing for 2 or 3 minutes, but larger penguins (Emperor penguins and King penguins) can stay underwater for as long as 18 minutes. At the Lithuanian Sea Museum, the penguins are fed Baltic herring and capelin. Each of the penguins consumes approximately 1.5 kg of fish every day.